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Periodontal Diseases and Malocclusion: Prevention and Treatment

Malocclusion ranks as the third most prevalent cause of periodontal diseases. A multidisciplinary approach that primarily entails periodontal and orthodontic care can improve patients’ oral health because misaligned teeth have a negative impact on periodontal tissues.

The Impact of Periodontal Tissues on Different Kinds of Malocclusion

Dental malocclusions, such as crowding, mesially pointed molars, and rotated teeth, might affect periodontal tissues, as shown in studies. Patients with these malocclusions experienced symptoms like chronic periodontitis, bleeding gums, receding gums, and enlarged gums.

Things like diastema, crowding, severe proclination of the mandibular and maxillary incisors, and mesially tipped molars were clearly associated with gingival recession. Excessive proclination of the maxillary incisors, buccally pointed teeth, and chronic periodontitis were also associated.

In every case, the necessity of interdisciplinary treatment was evident.

Preventing Periodontal Disease via Orthodontic Treatment

Benefits like as better access for tooth hygiene, restoration of occlusal equilibrium, and sufficient lip sealing may be achieved with orthodontic treatments as part of periodontal rehabilitation programs. In orthodontics, the work that is done and the results that are seen are very similar to periodontal tissues. For instance, correcting misaligned teeth can lower the risk of tooth loss and gum infections.

While there are several reasons why patients seek out orthodontic treatment, the most common is to enhance their appearance by straightening their front teeth. Periodontal health is thought to benefit from orthodontic treatment for malocclusions.

The topic of whether malocclusion causes periodontal disease is still up for debate, despite the fact that numerous studies have investigated the possible causal association. But periodontal diseases can’t start or worsen if irregular tooth positions can be identified early on, which allows for direct treatment. In order to address plaque control, restore proper occlusion, and improve aesthetics, orthodontic procedures have been suggested as part of periodontal maintenance regimens.

How can orthodontic therapy help resolve/prevent periodontal problems?

Better dental care

Better oral hygiene practices are one of the main ways orthodontic therapy supports periodontal health. As a result of plaque and bacterial growth in hard-to-reach places, misaligned teeth are a common cause of poor oral hygiene.

Properly aligned teeth are easier to clean and less likely to develop periodontal disease when patients use orthodontic tools like braces or aligners.

Reduced Gingivitis

Because of the difficulties in cleaning around misaligned teeth, gum irritation and inflammation can develop. If not addressed, this inflammation can worsen into periodontitis, which is a far more dangerous dental health problem than gingivitis. Orthodontic treatment improves gum health by reducing inflammation and eliminating irritants caused by misaligned teeth.

Balanced Forces

Misaligned teeth can cause the periodontal tissues around them to experience uneven pressure. Periodontal disease and bone loss may develop from this pressure gradient. By redistributing stress uniformly across the teeth, orthodontic treatment lessens the likelihood of tissue injury and maintains the stability of periodontal tissues.

Corrected Occlusion

One of the causes of periodontal issues is a misaligned jaw or an incorrect bite. Teeth that aren’t properly aligned put extra stress on certain teeth, which can cause issues with TMJ, gum recession, and early wear and tear. Correcting occlusion problems during orthodontic treatment lessens the likelihood of periodontal disease by distributing forces uniformly.

Stopping the Loss of Tooth

Tooth loss can occur as a result of periodontal disorders if they are not treated. Orthodontic treatment promotes periodontal health, which helps to prevent these kinds of results. Teeth can be better aligned, inflammation can be controlled, and oral hygiene can be improved to greatly decrease the risk of periodontal disease-related tooth loss.

For better dental health in general

In order to improve overall dental health, orthodontic treatment helps with the root causes of periodontal disorders. Improved oral function, less discomfort, and a decreased likelihood of developing a host of oral health issues are all possible outcomes of misalignment correction.

The detrimental impact of malocclusion on periodontal tissue health highlights the need for a multidisciplinary strategy involving periodontal and orthodontic treatment to enhance patients’ oral health.

Think about Fine Feather Dental if you are in need of orthodontics or periodontal care. To help you attain a healthy, beautiful smile, our team of skilled orthodontists offers tailored treatment regimens utilizing advanced technologies. To begin your journey towards a beautiful, healthy smile that won’t show gum disease, call Fine Feather Dental now to book a consultation.

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